极地研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 394-401.DOI: 10.13679/j.jdyj.20190070

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

芬兰对华北极政策的最新变化、原因与前景

刘涵   

  1. 中国极地研究中心, 上海 200136
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-29 修回日期:2020-02-01 出版日期:2020-09-30 发布日期:2020-09-30
  • 通讯作者: 刘涵
  • 基金资助:
    科技部国家研发计划重点专项“极地地缘政治风险与我国参与国际治理政策问题研究”(2019YFC1408205)资助

Latest change, driving force and future prospect of Finland's Arctic policy to China

Liu Han   

  1. Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai 200136, China
  • Received:2019-11-29 Revised:2020-02-01 Online:2020-09-30 Published:2020-09-30
  • Contact: Han -LIU

摘要: 芬兰地处北极重要战略位置, 在国际北极事务中发挥着重要的作用。中芬友好的双边关系为两国北极合作奠定基础, 中国出台的北极政策及“冰上丝绸之路”倡议, 激发了对中芬北极经济合作的期待。然而近期芬兰政府在中芬北极经济合作上陷入摇摆境地, 不仅降低对华北极投资信任, 还对中芬合作潜在风险进行较为负面的评估。这一变化主要基于芬兰国家北极利益调整、西方对芬兰施加的压力以及芬兰项目经济动力不足这三大内外原因。面对这一挑战, 中国应坚定对中芬北极合作的信心, 倡导“一带一路”倡议对接理念, 善于抓住有利合作时机, 开展务实互信的双边合作, 为中芬北极合作注入新的动力。

关键词: 北极, 芬兰, 冰上丝绸之路, 中芬北极合作, 经济合作

Abstract: With an important strategic location in the Arctic, Finland plays an influential role in international Arctic affairs. Bilateral relations between China and Finland form a solid foundation for Arctic cooperation between the two countries, and their cooperation over Arctic economic development has been further promoted by the publication of China’s Arctic Policy. However, the newly released report China in the Arctic and the Opportunities and Challenges for Chinese–Finnish Arctic Cooperation indicates that Finnish attitude towards cooperation with China over economic development in the Arctic may be wavering. The report expresses skepticism over the reliability of Chinese investors, and highlights the potential risks of Chinese–Finnish Arctic cooperation. The change in Finnish attitude is partly a result of adjustments of Finnish national interests in the Arctic, insufficient momentum in Finnish Arctic infrastructure projects, and skepticism of western countries towards the Polar Silk Road. In face of this challenge, China should maintain confidence in Chinese–Finnish Arctic cooperation, advocate strategic docking, and seize opportunities to deepen bilateral and multilateral cooperation to dispel doubts, build trust, and strengthen positive interactions in different domains between China and Finland.

Key words: the Arctic, Finland, Polar Silk Road, Chinese-Finnish Arctic cooperation, economic cooperation