极地研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (2-English): 137-146.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1085.2010.00137

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

A Case study of a snowstorm at the Great Wall Station, Antarctica

YangQinghua(杨清华)1,2* ,ZhangLin(张林)2, XueZhenhe(薛振和)2, YinZhaohui(尹朝晖)2 and XingJianyong(邢建勇)2
  

  1. 1 Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China;
    2 National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-13 修回日期:2010-10-22 出版日期:1960-06-30 发布日期:1960-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 杨清华

A Case study of a snowstorm at the Great Wall Station, Antarctica

YangQinghua(杨清华)1,2* ,ZhangLin(张林)2, XueZhenhe(薛振和)2, YinZhaohui(尹朝晖)2 and XingJianyong(邢建勇)2
  

  1. 1 Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China;
    2 National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2010-08-13 Revised:2010-10-22 Online:1960-06-30 Published:1960-06-30
  • Contact: Qinghua Yang

摘要:

A case of a snowstorm at the Great Wall Station was studied using data of NCEP (National Centers for Environmental Prediction) analysis, in situ observations and surface weather charts. The storm occurred on August 29th, 2006, and brought high winds and poor horizontal visibility to the region. It was found that the storm occurred under the synoptic situation of a high in the south and a low in the north. A lowlevel easterly jet from the Antarctic continent significantly decreased the air temperature and humidity. Warm air advection at high level brought sufficient vapor from lower latitudes for the snowstorm to develop. The dynamic factors relating to strong snowfall and even the development of a snowstorm were deep cyclonic vorticity at middle and low levels, the configuration of divergence at high level and convergence at low level, and strong vertical uplift. There was an inversion layer in the lowlevel atmosphere during the later phase of the storm. This vertical structure of cold air at low levels and warm air at high levels may have been important to the longevity of the snowstorm.

关键词: Snowstorm, Blowing Snow, Cyclone, Antarctic, Great Wall Station

Abstract:

A case of a snowstorm at the Great Wall Station was studied using data of NCEP (National Centers for Environmental Prediction) analysis, in situ observations and surface weather charts. The storm occurred on August 29th, 2006, and brought high winds and poor horizontal visibility to the region. It was found that the storm occurred under the synoptic situation of a high in the south and a low in the north. A lowlevel easterly jet from the Antarctic continent significantly decreased the air temperature and humidity. Warm air advection at high level brought sufficient vapor from lower latitudes for the snowstorm to develop. The dynamic factors relating to strong snowfall and even the development of a snowstorm were deep cyclonic vorticity at middle and low levels, the configuration of divergence at high level and convergence at low level, and strong vertical uplift. There was an inversion layer in the lowlevel atmosphere during the later phase of the storm. This vertical structure of cold air at low levels and warm air at high levels may have been important to the longevity of the snowstorm.

Key words: Snowstorm, Blowing Snow, Cyclone, Antarctic, Great Wall Station