极地研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 88-96.DOI: 10.13679/j.jdyj.20160063

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于地图视角的北极海洋权益现状研究

成昆凤1,2  庞小平1,2,3  刘海燕1,2,3   

  1. 1. 武汉大学中国南极测绘研究中心, 湖北 武汉 430079
    2. 国家领土主权与海洋权益协同创新中心, 湖北 武汉 430079
    3. 武汉大学资源与环境科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-12 修回日期:2017-03-01 出版日期:2018-03-30 发布日期:2018-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 成昆凤
  • 基金资助:

    中国极地软科学研究项目(极地战略态势地图分析系统研究与开发)、极地科学战略研究基金(20150407)和中国博士后
    科学基金(2016M592373)资助

Research on current situation of Arctic maritime rights and interests from a mapping perspective

Cheng Kunfeng1,2, Pang Xiaoping1,2,3, Liu Haiyan1,2,3   

  • Received:2016-12-12 Revised:2017-03-01 Online:2018-03-30 Published:2018-03-30
  • Contact: Kun-Feng CHENG

摘要:

明确各国北极海洋权益现状是我国未来北极活动的基础。本研究根据相关文献及图集资料, 基于地
图视角, 对环北极国家的专属经济区划界、外大陆架申请、海洋保护区建立等方面进行定量化、空间化的
分析, 以此反映北冰洋海洋权益基本情况。结合《联合国海洋法公约》《公海公约》《大陆架公约》《领海及
毗连区公约》等相关法律政策, 预测北极海洋权益未来发展趋势并探究其对我国未来北极活动的影响, 为我
国未来北极策略制定提供参考。结果表明, 沿岸国家对北冰洋活动的限制程度具有一定的规律性: 在经向上,
呈现出显著的纬度地带性, 即限制程度随着纬度增高而逐渐减弱; 在深度方向, 对大陆架的控制范围大于
对其上覆水域的控制范围。

关键词: 北极, 海洋权益, 专属经济区, 外大陆架, 海洋保护区

Abstract:

It is fundamental to the future of Chinese Arctic activities to clarify the Arctic maritime rights and interests
of all concerned countries. To elucidate the current situation, this study conducted quantitative and
spatial mapping-based analyses of the exclusive economic zones, outer continental shelf platforms, and marine
protected areas claimed by the countries surrounding the Arctic. The results were considered in combination
with related legal policies both to predict the developing trends of Arctic maritime rights and interests
and to explore their influence on China’s future involvement in the Arctic region. The findings of this study
could serve as a reference for the strategic planning of future Chinese Arctic activities. The results show that
it has a certain regularity on the coastal countries' restriction of the Arctic Ocean activities. It shows a significant
zonal distribution meridionally, where the restriction gradually weakened as the latitude increases.
In depth , the control range of the continental shelf is greater than that of the superjacent waters.

Key words: Arctic, maritime rights and interests, exclusive economic zone, outer continental shelf, marine protected area