极地研究

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Diatom distribution of surface sediment in the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea

RAN Lihua*, CHEN Jianfang, JIN Haiyan, LI Hongliang, LU Yong & WANG Kui   

  1. Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, State Oceanic Administration (SOA), Hangzhou 310012, China
  • 出版日期:1963-06-30 发布日期:1963-06-30
  • 通讯作者: RAN Lihua

Diatom distribution of surface sediment in the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea

RAN Lihua*, CHEN Jianfang, JIN Haiyan, LI Hongliang, LU Yong & WANG Kui   

  1. Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, State Oceanic Administration (SOA), Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Online:1963-06-30 Published:1963-06-30
  • Contact: RAN Lihua

摘要: Diatoms from surface sediment samples in the Bering and Chukchi seas were analyzed to reveal the distribution patterns and their relationship with the ocean environment. A low abundance was found to the north of the Arctic Sea Ice Minimum (ASIMin), indicating that diatom growth is strongly inhibited by perennial sea ice. Between the ASIMin and the Arctic Sea Ice Maximum (ASIMax) which experiences seasonal sea ice, the sea ice related diatoms (mainly Fragilariopsis oceanica and Fragilariopsis cylindrus) were dominant, thereby confirming that sea ice is an important influencing factor. The Chaetoceros resting spores were more abundant in the Chukchi Sea, which corresponds well with the active phytoplankton distribution in the water column, and is possibly attributed to the stronger hydrodynamic conditions present in the Bering Sea. The abundances of Chaetoceros resting spores were the lowest on the northeast Bering Shelf, possibly because of lower water depth, stronger coastal currents, river influx, coarser particle sizes and stronger winds and bottom currents. The Arctic Diatom Group (dominated by Bacterosira bathyomphala, Thalassiosira antarctica v. borealis and Thalassiosira antarctica resting spores) was more abundant in the Bering Basin and the areas central of and to the north of Chukchi Plateau, while the Coastal Benthic Diatoms (including Paralia sulcata and Delphineis surirella) were mainly found on the northeast Bering Shelf and nearby Cape Lisburne in the Chukchi Sea. Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii was found to be the most abundant around the Bering Strait, while Neodenticula seminae was only found in the Bering Sea and mainly distributed in the Bering Basin, indicating its close correlation with the Pacific waters.

关键词: Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, surface sediment, diatom

Abstract: Diatoms from surface sediment samples in the Bering and Chukchi seas were analyzed to reveal the distribution patterns and their relationship with the ocean environment. A low abundance was found to the north of the Arctic Sea Ice Minimum (ASIMin), indicating that diatom growth is strongly inhibited by perennial sea ice. Between the ASIMin and the Arctic Sea Ice Maximum (ASIMax) which experiences seasonal sea ice, the sea ice related diatoms (mainly Fragilariopsis oceanica and Fragilariopsis cylindrus) were dominant, thereby confirming that sea ice is an important influencing factor. The Chaetoceros resting spores were more abundant in the Chukchi Sea, which corresponds well with the active phytoplankton distribution in the water column, and is possibly attributed to the stronger hydrodynamic conditions present in the Bering Sea. The abundances of Chaetoceros resting spores were the lowest on the northeast Bering Shelf, possibly because of lower water depth, stronger coastal currents, river influx, coarser particle sizes and stronger winds and bottom currents. The Arctic Diatom Group (dominated by Bacterosira bathyomphala, Thalassiosira antarctica v. borealis and Thalassiosira antarctica resting spores) was more abundant in the Bering Basin and the areas central of and to the north of Chukchi Plateau, while the Coastal Benthic Diatoms (including Paralia sulcata and Delphineis surirella) were mainly found on the northeast Bering Shelf and nearby Cape Lisburne in the Chukchi Sea. Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii was found to be the most abundant around the Bering Strait, while Neodenticula seminae was only found in the Bering Sea and mainly distributed in the Bering Basin, indicating its close correlation with the Pacific waters.

Key words: Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, surface sediment, diatom