极地研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 523-531.DOI: 10.13679/j.jdyj.2016.4.523

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北极科学考察法律制度探析

卢芳华   

  1. 华北科技学院,河北 廊坊 065601
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-14 修回日期:2015-09-03 出版日期:2016-12-30 发布日期:2016-12-30
  • 通讯作者: 卢芳华
  • 基金资助:

    国家海洋局“南北极环境综合考察与评估”专项(CHINARE2015-04-05-04-03)、教育部青年基金(12YJCZH141)资助

Analysis of legal system concerning Arctic scientific expeditions

Lu Fanghua   

  • Received:2015-07-14 Revised:2015-09-03 Online:2016-12-30 Published:2016-12-30

摘要:

北极在气候、资源、航道、科考等诸多领域对我国有着重要的现实和潜在价值,科考活动在资源争夺上的工具价值更是独一无二,同时,科考作为低敏感领域的活动也最容易开展合作。《联合国海洋法公约》和《斯匹次卑尔根群岛条约》是目前北极科考活动主要的法律规范。作为发展中大国,中国既有对北极科考的法律依据又有雄厚的科研实力。北极科考活动的拓展关涉中国在北极航道、渔业、投资等领域重要的国家利益,也有利于我国未来在北极事务中占有一席之地。因此,我国应进一步加大北极科考活动力度,参与北极科考活动法律规范的制定,进而提升我国在 北极事务中的参与权和发言权。

关键词: 《联合国海洋法公约》, 《斯匹次卑尔根群岛条约》, 北极科考, 斯匹次卑尔根群岛

Abstract:

The Arctic has important practical and potential value in areas such as climate changing, resource access, sea routes, and scientific expeditions. Scientific expeditions have instrumental value in resource conpetitions, although cooperative scientific expeditions most of the time stay in non-contentious areas. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and Svalbard Treaty are the main legal norms that govern scientific expedition in the Arctic. As one of the largest developing countries and a big economy, China has not only theoretical foundation but also scientific and techonological strength, as well as legitimate reasons, for pursuing interests in the Arctic. Therefore, China should enlarge the scale of scientific expedition activeties, and become involved in the related legislative and rule-making processes, as to improve the status in the Arctic affairs.

Key words: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Svalbard Treaty, Arctic scientific expedition, Archipelago of Spitsbergen