极地研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 66-73.DOI: 10.13679/j.jdyj.2017.1.066

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

南大洋及相邻温带海域夏季小型浮游动物的摄食作用

张晔1,2, 李超伦1,3, 杨光1, 王延清1, 陶振铖1   

  1. 1.中国科学院海洋研究所, 海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266071
    2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3.海洋国家实验室海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室,山东 青岛 266071
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-05 修回日期:2016-03-04 出版日期:2017-03-30 发布日期:2017-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 李超伦
  • 基金资助:

    南北极环境综合考察与评估专项(CHINARE2015-01-05, CHINARE2015-01-04, CHINARE2015-01-06)、鳌山科技创新计划(2015ASKJ02-02)资助

Microzooplankton grazing impact in Southern Ocean and temperate sea area around during austral summer

Zhang Ye 1,2, Li Chaolun1,3, Yang Guang1, Wang Yanqing1, Tao Zhencheng1   

  • Received:2016-01-05 Revised:2016-03-04 Online:2017-03-30 Published:2017-03-30

摘要:

小型浮游动物在海洋食物网中扮演着重要的角色。2012年12月—2013年3月, 利用稀释培养方法开展了南大洋及温带海域小型浮游动物对浮游植物的摄食实验研究。结果表明, 浮游植物的生长率为0.04— 0.89 d–1, 小型浮游动物对浮游植物的摄食率为0.07—1.29 d–1。浮游动物日摄食量占浮游植物现存量的6.4%—72.5%, 对浮游植物初级生产力的摄食压力也较大, 为14%—776.9%。尽管本实验中浮游动物的摄食率可能被高估, 但在南大洋及温带海域生态系统中, 小型浮游动物对浮游植物仍具有重要的调控作用。

关键词: 南大洋, 温带海域, 小型浮游动物, 浮游植物, 摄食压力

Abstract:

Microzooplankton play an important role in marine food web. In order to clarify grazing impact of microzooplankton on phytoplankton, dilution incubations were carried out in Southern Ocean and temperate sea area during austral summer, 2012-2013. Results showed that microzooplankton grazing rates were in the range of 0.07d-1–1.29d-1, while phytoplankton growth rate were 0.04d-1–0.89d-1. Accordingly, 6.4%–72.5% of the phytoplankton stock and a high range of 14%–776.9% primary production were grazed by microzooplankton. Although the microzooplantkon grazing rates might be overestimated, microzooplankton have a significant role in controlling phytoplankton in Southern Ocean and temperate sea area in austral summer.

Key words: Southern Ocean, temperate sea area, microzooplankton, phytoplankton, grazing impact