极地研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 114-121.DOI: 10.13679/j.jdyj.20170016

• 研究进展 • 上一篇    

白令海CO2源汇与控制因素研究进展

孙恒  高众勇   

  1. 国家海洋局海洋大气化学与全球变化重点实验室, 国家海洋局第三海洋研究所, 福建 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-26 修回日期:2017-08-06 出版日期:2018-03-30 发布日期:2018-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 孙恒
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(41406221, 41476173)、南北极环境综合考察与评估专项(CHINARE 2012-04-04, 2012-04-03)和福
    建省科技创新领军人才项目资助

Review of research on air–sea CO2 flux and its controlling factors in the Bering Sea

Sun Heng, Gao Zhongyong   

  • Received:2017-05-26 Revised:2017-08-06 Online:2018-03-30 Published:2018-03-30

摘要:

白令海是北冰洋太平洋扇区的边缘海, 是亚北极生态系统向北极生态系统过渡的典型区域, 白令海
CO2 源汇的研究可为高纬度边缘海相关的研究提供重要的参考。在全球持续变暖的背景下, 白令海正在发
生着一些气候和环境的变化, 这些变化对CO2 源汇以及控制CO 源汇的生物地球化学过程产生重要影响。
对目前白令海CO2 源汇特征及其控制因素相关研究进行了归纳总结, 预测了白令海CO2 源汇的未来变化趋
势并提出了展望。以往的研究都认为白令海是一个大气CO 的汇区, 但是碳汇研究结果差异较大, 最近的
研究结果表明白令陆架区的碳汇约–6.81 Tg C·a–1(1 Tg=1012g), 整个白令海的碳汇约–34 Tg C·a–1。在未来白
令海气候和环境变化继续加剧的条件下, 使得白令海碳汇增强或减弱的因素将同时存在, 因此, 未来白令
海的碳汇是增强还是减弱尚无定论。

关键词: 白令海, 气候和环境变化, CO2, 源汇, 控制因素

Abstract:

The Bering Sea, in the Pacific sector of the Arctic Ocean, represents a typical area of transition from a
sub-Arctic ecosystem to an Arctic ecosystem. The study of its CO2 sources and sinks will provide an important
reference for high-latitude continental margin regions. Within the context of global warming, the Bering
Sea is undergoing climatic and environmental changes. The effects of these changes on both the CO2 sources
and sinks and the related biogeochemical processes of the area are considerable. This paper summarizes the
CO2 sources and sinks and their control mechanisms in the Bering Sea, describes the tendencies of those
CO2 sources and sinks, and predicts their future prospects. Previous studies have argued that the Bering Sea
acts as a sink for atmospheric CO2 but the results have been notably varied. Recent studies have reported that
the CO2 sinks on the Bering shelf and in the entire Bering Sea are about −6.81×1012g C·a-1 and −34×1012g
C·a−1, respectively. However, if climatic and environmental changes continue to intensify in the future, conditions
that could result in a decrease or in an increase in the magnitude of the CO2 sink might exist simultaneously.
Therefore, it remains inconclusive whether the function of the Bering Sea as a carbon sink will be
enhanced or weakened in the future.

Key words: Bering Sea, climate and environmental changes, CO2 sources and sinks, control factors