极地研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 338-348.DOI: 10.13679/j.jdyj.20170031

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

南极海洋保护区设立的适宜性评价研究

庞小平1,2,3  季青1,2  李沁彧3  李冰洁1   

  1. 1. 武汉大学中国南极测绘研究中心, 湖北 武汉 430079;
    2. 武汉大学国家领土主权与海洋权益协同创新中心, 湖北 武汉 430072;
    3. 武汉大学资源与环境科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-14 修回日期:2018-05-28 出版日期:2018-09-30 发布日期:2018-09-30
  • 通讯作者: 季青
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(41606215, 41576188)、国家海洋局极地科学重点实验室开放基金(PS1502)、中国博士后基金(2016M602342)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2042018kf0009)资助

Construction of the suitability evaluation index for establishing Antarctic marine protected areas

Pang Xiaoping1,2,3, Ji Qing1,2, Li Qinyu3, Li Bingjie1   

  • Received:2017-08-14 Revised:2018-05-28 Online:2018-09-30 Published:2018-09-30
  • Contact: Qing JI
  • Supported by:

    ;National Natural Science Foundation of China

摘要:

南大洋海域因其特殊的地理位置、极端的气候环境和丰富的资源, 具有重要的科学和经济意义。当今世界各国力争国家权益, 积极参与南极海洋保护区设立的国际事务, 然而我国虽对此持续关注, 但相关研究甚少, 在南极海洋保护区设立的适宜性评价指标和区划方法研究方面几近空白。在此背景下, 通过对现有各国南极海洋保护区的提案分析, 尝试构建南极海洋保护区设立的适宜性评价的多级指标体系, 并基于我国南极科学考察数据, 运用层次分析法和加权叠加分析, 对普里兹湾海洋保护区设立的适宜性进行案例研究, 以期为我国南极海洋保护区的设立和相关研究提供参考。

关键词: font-family: 宋体, letter-spacing: 0.2pt, line-height: 107%, mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman", mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman", mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman", mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt, mso-ansi-language: EN-US, mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN, mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">海洋保护区, 适宜性评价, 评价指标体系, 区划分析, 南极, 案例研究

Abstract:

The Southern Ocean and Antarctic continent have scientific, economic and strategic significance because of their unique geographic location, extreme climate and abundant resources. Many countries have national interests in the region and are actively involved in the establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs) around Antarctica. Although China continues to pay attention to the Antarctic MPA, there are few relevant reports on MPAs, and suitability evaluation indices from model studies on the establishment of an Antarctic MPA are almost blank. Under these circumstances, this study attempted to construct a multilevel evaluation index system to help establish Antarctic MPAs, through analyzing existing proposals for an Antarctic MPA. Using Chinese Antarctic scientific investigation data, we also evaluate the suitability of establishing an MPA in the Prydz Bay. The aim of this study is to develop a reference index for the establishment and relevant researches of MPAs in the Antarctic region.

Key words: marine protected area(MPA), suitability evaluation, evaluation index system, regionalization analysis, Antarctica, case study