With the warming of global environmental issues, Arctic environmental change is paid more and more attention by the international community. China,which is a near-Arctic country, is greatly influenced by the change. The paper will analyse the impact which the Arctic environmental change may influence on China from environmental security, economic security, resource security, and other non-traditional security factors. From environmental security, the Arctic environmental change will have a direct threat to the future on the ecological environment. The Arctic sea ice could be melt by rising temperatures which will lead to a huge social and economic harm in China; From the economic safety, Arctic environmental change will bring the full opening of the Arctic channel, which may be an opportunity for China's development in the future, but if China wants to shipping in the Arctic resource development on a slice will have multiple obstacles; From resource security, the rich Arctic is significant to China. However, given the current problems in China's participation in the Arctic, even if the resources can be a well developed, it is mainly vested in the Arctic countries. China energy supply will be controlled by others, which can not fundamentally protect the safety of China's energy strategy.